Data Sources for Monitoring and Supporting Rural EMS
This project will explore the data challenges and data use opportunities faced by state Flex Programs as they attempt to monitor the impact of Flex Program interventions related to rural emergency medical services (EMS) initiatives that focus on improving: the financial stability of rural EMS agencies; the quality of services provided; and the functioning of systems of care for time critical diagnoses (TCD) involving STEMI (ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction), stroke, and trauma.
For this qualitative project, we will recruit an advisory committee comprised of members with relevant expertise. This panel will be asked to review existing rural-relevant EMS measures, existing state and national EMS data sets, recent literature on EMS performance measurement, and identify strategies for state Flex Programs to access and use these data to monitor the impact of their EMS-focused initiatives. We will also ask the members to identify 12 to 15 key informants for qualitative interviews on the availability and use of EMS data on the state and national levels. The results of these interviews will be analyzed for key themes reflecting EMS data availability and use.